People affected by coronavirus are exhibiting a vast spectrum of signs and symptoms. My guess is the exact reason Covid-19 virus is still a dilemma even to the medical experts all over the world.
It has been established that the most extensive signs and symptoms are coughing, fever and difficulty breathing, there is multiple reported case of coronavirus patients who showed no sign of difficulty breathing or any respiratory tract related symptoms. A study of 204 patients in Huabie, China, published in the American Journal of Gastroenterology revealed that just over half of patients encountered gastrointestinal symptoms such as loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea.
The New York Times reports that the coronavirus occasionally presents itself with neurological clues which include swelling of the brain and mild convulsions. On the other hand, cases have shown serious cardiac issues as well as muscle pains and severe exhaustion. However, there are victims who have tested positive for the virus but report mild symptom. In some instances, some don’t show any symptoms at all.
Even so, why does the coronavirus affect people in different ways?
According to Kathryn Jacobsen [Yahoo News public health contributor], the basic hypothesis is that humans are not machines. There are many factors that influence how our bodies react to pathogens. For coronavirus, two of the most important seem to be age and health status.
The impact of age on the stringency of coronavirus signs and symptoms is relatively simple. “The way our bodies react to infections changes with age. “People of any age can get sick from coronavirus and die from it, but the coronavirus fatality rate is highest in older populations.
Perhaps people with comorbidities [two or more health problems like diabetic patients] are more vulnerable to encountering more symptoms.
“People with heart or lung disorders, diabetes, or other health problems may get sicker from coronavirus because of those underlying health issues,” Jecobsen explained further.
Nonetheless, the means that combines distinct health problems and minor sign or symptoms is yet to be ascertained.
What is believed to be another major contributing factor with regards to symptoms a Covid-19 virus disease presents is the degree of exposure. In an article written and published by in New York Times by Drs. Joshua D. Rabinowitz Caroline R. Batman highlighted that the extremism of which one is infected determines the how fatal it’ll be. Sighting consumption of poisonous substances in their explanation.
As with any other poison, viruses are usually deadlier in larger amounts. Stepping into an office building that once had someone with the coronavirus in it is not as dangerous as sitting next to that infected person for an hour-long train commute. Low-dose infections can even engender immunity, protecting against high-dose exposures in the future.
Read also: Updates: Covid-19 cases recorded in Ghana
People are known to have higher than typical risk of hospitalization if they bond the virus have been urged to take additional vigilance to lessen their chances of susceptibility to the virus.
That does not mean that people who are not in a high-risk group do not need to protect themselves. Low risk does mean no risk. Because it is impossible to know with certainty who will have mild symptoms if they become infected with coronavirus and who will develop the severe or fatal disease. The safest option is for everyone to follow national, state and local guidelines for coronavirus prevention.
Kathryn Jacobsen clarified.